Tag Archives: drugs and/or alcohol factor

Aberdeen: Yasmin Doherty and Frankie Kane

#TheList Frankie Jane Kane, born 03/07/99 of Printfield Walk, Woodside, Aberdeen AB24, and Yasmin Doherty (aka Yasmin Walker), born circa 2000, of Marischal Court, Castlehill, Aberdeen AB11 – filmed themselves abusing an escaped boa constrictor in the street

Yasmin Doherty (left) and Frankie Kane

Vile Frankie Kane and Yasmin Doherty shared twisted videos of themselves mistreating the snake, named Esmerelda, on social media site Snapchat.

Kane hurled the escape animal 10ft across an Aberdeen street and Doherty swung her above her head.

The disturbing footage which they captured in the early hours of July 4, 2018, showed Esmerelda “writhing in pain” and sparked widespread outrage on social media.

Kane later confessed to causing the animal unnecessary suffering and throwing her, while Doherty admitted the same but also pleaded guilty to “spinning the snake around” and causing her to suffer injury.

Fiscal depute Rebecca Clark said: “The snake’s owner, who had it for three years, kept it in an enclosure in his bedroom and noticed it was missing – but thought it was elsewhere in the property.

“It was 3am when the two accused were outside the Marischal Court block of flats and found it.

“Both were under the influence of alcohol at the time, and Doherty began filming the snake on her mobile phone and posting it on Snapchat.

“Kane then picked it up and threw it several feet across the road.

“The snake appeared to be moving in a distressed state and Doherty said ‘it’s real’ before before picking it up, spinning it around above her head and throwing it.”

A passer-by intervened at that point and handed Esmerelda in to the police, who gave her to the Scottish SPCA.

Ms Clark added that the 4ft snake was “regurgitating blood”, and “appeared to be convulsing in pain”.

She said: “The chief inspector described the animal as writhing about in agony, coughing up blood and clearly dying.

“The decision was made to humanely destroy the snake, which had severe internal injuries.”

Kane’s solicitor maintained that his client did not realise Esmerelda was a live animal at first.

He said: “She though it was a fake snake, but quickly became aware it was real after picking it up and hearing it hiss at her.

“She should have placed it on the ground but she threw the snake through the air.”

Defence agent Tony Burgess said Doherty had lost her job as a result of the incident and is now “struggling to find her way back into employment”.

He added: “She accepts that her behaviour was completely reprehensible.”

Mr Burgess said the snake may have suffered some of her injuries when she escaped from her home and fell “from quite high up” on the multi-storey block.

Sheriff Aitken said he had “limited sympathy” for the teenagers, whose troubles he said were “nobody’s fault but their own”.

He added: “I hope it was drunken stupidity that led to this, rather than an underlying defect in your character. People do not like those who abuse animals.”

The Scottish SPCA welcomed the sentencing of Kane and Doherty but expressed disappointment that no order was imposed preventing them from keeping pets.

Scottish SPCA chief inspector John Carle said: “Although we are pleased to hear this sentence has been passed down we are disappointed a ban was not also imposed.

“Doherty and Kane caused cruel and unnecessary suffering to Esmerelda the snake.

“Treating any animal this way is despicable behaviour and the injuries caused ultimately contributed to the death of the poor snake.”

Sentencing: Kane was ordered to perform 80 hours of unpaid work in the next six months, and Doherty 120 hours. No ban on keeping animals was imposed on either of them.

Press & Journal

Beeston, Leeds: Paul Kelly

#TheList Paul Kelly, born c.1969, of Longroyd View, Beeston, Leeds LS11 5ET – killed and mutilated his pet dog during a Spice binge.

Police mugshot of career criminal  and drug addict Paul Kelly, who decapitated his pet dog during a Spice binge
Dog killer Paul Kelly

Leeds Crown Court heard Kelly was suffering from a psychotic episode due to taking the synthetic drug Spice when he cut off his pet dog’s head and set it alight in a bin.

Duncan Ritchie, prosecuting, said Kelly’s girlfriend went to his home on October 10, 2018, to find the dog decapitated in the living room.

The prosecutor said: “He told his girlfriend that the dog had been possessed.

“The defendant burned the dog’s head in a bin and moved the torso on to a sheet and took it to a wooded area.”

Kelly then caused extensive damage to his home by setting fire to a gas meter cupboard. A neighbour saw smoke coming from the terraced property as Kelly walked away.

Firefighters found the living room alright when they arrived to tackle the blaze. Two fire alarms had been removed from the house.

The next morning Kelly tried to set fire to a large detached house in Morley in which three people were sleeping.

Kelly pleaded guilty to the arson charges.

Career criminal, drug addict, dog killer ... Paul Kelly of Beeston in Leeds, West Yorkshire
Career criminal, drug addict, dog killer … Paul Kelly of Beeston in Leeds, West Yorkshire

Kelly has previous convictions for serious offences. He was given an 11-year sentence in 1995 for armed robbery.

Sentencing:
18-week prison sentence for causing unnecessary suffering to an animal. Banned indefinitely from keeping any animal. Extended prison sentence of 12 years for the other offences.

Yorkshire Evening Post

Blackpool, Lancashire: Kelly-Marie Whitaker

#TheList Kelly-Marie Whitaker, born c. 1987, of Kent Road, Blackpool, Lancashire – failed to address cause of dog’s weight loss

Whitaker was found guilty of causing unnecessary suffering to the dog, named Bounty, by failing to address the cause of  his weight loss.

Sentencing:  12-month community order; 25 days of drug rehabilitation; total fines and costs of £195. Banned from keeping dogs for five years.

Blackpool Gazette

Kingston upon Hull: Matthew Dennis Cassidy

#TheList Matthew Dennis Cassidy, born c. 1976, of  Rosedale Grove, west Hull HU5 – was seen beating, dragging and throwing his West Highland terrier, Charlie

Battered Westie Charlie was also suffering from an untreated skin condition
Battered Westie Charlie was also suffering from an untreated skin condition

Cassidy pleaded guilty to the animal cruelty charges against him.

The court heard how a number of members of the public reported Cassidy after seeing him beat and drag the animal around the streets of Hull. Two teenagers were so concerned they even took the dog off him.

Cassidy also failed to protect Charlie from pain, suffering, injury and disease due to an untreated skin problem.

RSPCA inspector Jilly Dickinson said: “Cassidy was seen kicking and dragging Charlie around as he walked around the Anlaby Road and Linnaeus Street areas with him on May 21 [2018].

“Witnesses saw Cassidy pick Charlie up by the scruff of the neck so that he was fully off the floor and shout in his face and later pick him up to chest-height by his collar, causing him to make coughing and choking sounds, and then throw him to the ground.

A number of people called police and the RSPCA between 5.30pm and 8.30pm when a passing police community support officer was approached by a member of the public after two teenagers took Charlie from him.”

Thankfully, Charlie has recovered well after being cared for by the RSPCA.

Ms Dickinson said: “Charlie was taken to a vets where, luckily, he was found to be uninjured but suffering from a skin condition. Cassidy admitted he’d been suffering with it for six weeks. Happily he’s made a good recovery in RSPCA care.”

In mitigation, the court heard that Cassidy was drunk at the time. Cassidy said he was disgusted by his behaviour and was very sorry for what had happened.

Sentencing:
18-week prison sentence, suspended for 12 months; 12-month community order including 10 days of specified activity; total costs and charges of £450.  Disqualified from keeping animals for life.

Hull Daily Mail

Preston, Lancashire: Angela Roe

#TheList Angela Roe (aka Angela Atkinson) of Birkdale Drive, Ashton-on-Ribble, Preston, Lancashire PR2 – live-streamed a video showing her abusing a cat who was later found dead

Angela Roe from Preston live streamed a sickening video showing her attacking a cat who was later found dead
Angela Roe from Preston live streamed a sickening video showing her attacking a cat who was later found dead

The sickening footage, which was screened on Twitter’s live-streaming video app Periscope – showed pet cat Misty screaming in agony as her owner, Angela Roe, bit and roughly handled her.

Misty was tragically found dead at Roe’s home by police after the incident was reported by a sickened friend.

Preston Magistrates’ Court heard the witness, who became online friends with Roe, saw Misty on her lap in a live stream on August 26 2017, in which she was “squeezing and shaking” the animal.

She was shouting, calling the cat a ‘pyscho’ and suggesting she should ‘not bite the hand that feeds’.

The woman then saw Roe bite the distressed cat’s ear, causing her to scream in pain.

Cat killer Angela Roe from Preston

Roe was heard to say it “needs to be disciplined or it will walk all over me.

Roe, who has mental health problems, was then seen to self harm and rub blood on the cat’s fur.

The worried woman corresponded with Roe the next day on Periscope, whilst Roe was drunk. She said her ‘other personality was going to come out. The bad side, the Jekyll; and Hyde nasty side of me.’

Misty was seen walking around and appeared to be fine, but the clip showed Roe put her on her lap again and say: ” Can she kill the cat and then kill herself?”

The witness pleaded with Roe saying: “Don’t do that – if you don’t want the cat I will give it a home.”

The court heard Roe told her viewer the only way she would kill her is by ‘starving her’. The woman could then hear the cat screaming but the video then ended.

Prosecuting for the RSPCA, Paul Ridehalgh said: ” Around 25 minutes later the broadcast resumed and the defendant typed:”My cat has just attacked me” and claimed Misty was ‘demonic’.”

The concerned friend asked what had happened and Roe told her the cat had attacked her and turned her phone camera around to show blood on the table, wall, skirting board and door in her home, which Roe claimed had come from her finger.

Mr Ridehalgh added: “When she was asked where Misty was she ‘became very aggressive and hissed like a cat’ at the screen.”

Roe claimed Misty was asleep on a ledge in the living room, but when the woman saw the cat it looked ‘stiff’, and she called the police.

When officers arrived they found Misty dead on the window sill, with blood on her.

Roe, who was drunk, claimed it was from her own self harming and said the cat was asleep. There were dirty dishes and rubbish strewn over the floor.

Misty’s body was taken to a veterinary pathology department in Liverpool, which indicated the cat, who had various injuries, including a haemorrhage in her lungs and bruises, had died from being smothered.

Roe was not convicted of this as there was insufficient evidence she was directly responsible, but she admitted causing Misty unnecessary suffering and failing to meet her needs.

The court heard in March 2018 police attended Roe’s home again to speak to her and she declared: ” There is a video dating back to August this year. The cat bit me and I bit her back. I was ******** out of my head.”

Roe thanked the bench as they agreed to suspend her 12 week jail term for a year on account of her mental health and alcohol issues. The chairman of the bench noted her “deliberate attempt to cause suffering” and added: ” The act was purely intentional as far as you were concerned.”

Sentencing: 
12 weeks in prison, suspended for a year; rehabilitation activity and alcohol treatment requirement. Total costs and charges of £490. Banned from keeping animals for life.

Lancashire Post

Lisburn, Northern Ireland: Marcus Sarre

#TheList Marcus John Sarre, born c. 1994, of Avonmore Park, Lisburn – crushed the skull of a 15-week-old puppy after she urinated on the kitchen floor

Puppy killer Marcus Sarre from Lisburn, Northern Ireland
Puppy killer Marcus Sarre from Lisburn, Northern Ireland

Aspiring singer Sarre, who has admitted to having a problem with alcoholism, pleaded guilty to a single count of causing unnecessary suffering to the 15-week-old crossbred husky and collie, named Lilo, on April 14, 2018.

The court heard how neighbours called police when they heard screaming.

Marcus Sarre arriving at Craigavon Courthouse yesterday

Prosecuting counsel Nicola Aurett told the court that when police arrived they saw blood on the hallway with a trail leading them to the bathroom.

“The dog was lying dead in the bath with blood all around it,” said the lawyer adding that Sarre, who had “drink taken”, admitted kicking the puppy.

She told the court that a report from a pathologist who examined the dog’s remains said the cause of her death was skull fractures.

Arrested and interviewed, Sarre said that he had let the dogs out after he had been away for a short time but his older dog, Polo, did a poo on the kitchen floor and he shouted loudly at him. This caused Lilo to urinate on the floor and he kicked her against a kitchen cupboard.

Sarre, who was upset during police interviews, told officers Lilo was bleeding from the mouth and was unresponsive so he took her to the bathroom where he tried CPR but without success.

Puppy killer Marcus Sarre from Lisburn, Northern IrelandPuppy killer Marcus Sarre from Lisburn, Northern Ireland

Ms Auret submitted it was an aggravating feature that at the time of the incident, Sarre was on bail for assault.

In that case, the court heard that police were called at an address in Lisburn on January 21, 2017, and found a female sitting in a sofa, crying and bleeding from her swollen nose. The woman, the ex-partner of Sarre’s father, said the pair had been drinking when Sarre tried to kiss her but that when she pushed him away, he head butted her and then kicked her several times when she fell to the floor.

Defence counsel Damien Halloran conceded that both incidents had been “deeply unsavoury”. He added that Lilo’s tragic death was “almost instantaneous” and while Sarre tried to resuscitate the dog, it was a “futile exercise”.

The lawyer submitted it had been a “moment of madness” for Sarre to lash out but Lilo’s death had left him “completely hysterical, lying on the ground crying”, adding there was no suggestion of cruelty to his other dog Polo whom he rehomed from a rescue centre five years ago.

Mr Halleron revealed that Sarre had been abusing alcohol and drugs and had a difficulty coping with stress “if things didn’t go his way”, submitting that the judge could impose community service or leave “something hanging over his head”.

Judge Lynch disagreed however and jailed Sarre. For killing Lilo, Sarre was jailed for six months and the judge imposed four months for causing actual bodily harm, ordering the sentences to be served consecutively.

Image result for "marcus sarre"

Sentencing
Jailed for six months for kicking the puppy to death, followed by 18 months on supervised licence. He will serve a further four months in jail for head butting his father’s ex-partner. Banned from keeping any animals for 10 years.

Newslink

Benwell, Newcastle upon Tyne: Natalie Dendri

UPDATED FOR SENTENCING
#TheList Natalie Dendri, aged 39, of Colston Street, Benwell, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 – threw a pet ferret named Posh Spice into the air and repeatedly punched her

Natalie Dendry from Newcastle threw pet ferret named Posh Spice into the air and repeatedly punched her

Dendri was found guilty of causing unnecessary suffering to the animal and being drunk and disorderly after the incident in May 2018.

She was seen throwing the animal into the air and repeatedly punching her. The ferret tried to escape but Dendri caught her and attacked her again.

The details were revealed at a trial at Newcastle Magistrates’ Court after Dendri was charged with two offences – causing unnecessary suffering to a protected animal and being drunk and disorderly.

She denied both charges but failed to attend court and the trial went ahead in her absence.

Prosecutor Stephen Davies said the offences took place just before 2pm on May 31.

It was said a driver who was travelling along Armstrong Road saw a woman at the side of road with a furry object. She then threw it in the air and started punching it “really severely”.

Natalie Dendry from Newcastle threw pet ferret named Posh Spice into the air and repeatedly punched her

The animal squirmed away but Dendri grabbed her and punched her again with a clenched fist, the court heard.

The police were called and PC Lewis Calboutin attended the scene.

The officer told the court : “I was asked to attend in relation to an intoxicated female who may have a pet that she was treating badly.

“I saw a female sitting on the grass verge on the side of Armstrong Road.

“She immediately appeared to me to be intoxicated. She had a ferret called Posh Spice. It was lying in the sun and it appeared dehydrated. It was hot, it was panting and seemed lethargic.”

Dendri was asked to get into a police vehicle so she could be taken home to attend to the animal’s welfare.

In the vehicle, she was shouting and swearing and, as they reached her address, she vomited in the van.

“We asked her to step out of the vehicle,” said PC Calboutin. “She started shouting and swearing at me and my colleague.

“She then dropped her ferret from a standard height to the floor.”

Dendri was arrested and the ferret was taken to a vet. The animal later recovered and was placed in a shelter.

On being interviewed, the defendant denied being drunk or that she ill treated the ferret. She pleaded not guilty to the offences at an earlier hearing.

However magistrates found her guilty of both charges on the day of the trial.

It was also revealed that Dendri had previously admitted to an offence of assaulting an officer at a police station after she was arrested on May 31, 2018.

North Tyneside Magistrates’ Court heard that Dendri had kept ferrets for a number of years but after Posh Spice was removed she no longer had any pets.

Janice Hall, defending, said that Dendry was previously sectioned as a result of her ill mental health and now has carers.

Ms Hall said: “They ensure that she is taking her medication. They also help with her money and provide her with general assistance.

“She struggles looking after herself, she’s not in a position to give appropriate care for an animal.”

District Judge Kate Meek said: “You caused unnecessary suffering to a ferret whether you meant to or not. More to the point you carried on  doing so.

“I accept there are a range of issues and a custodial sentence would simply delay that work being undertaken.”

She added: “Ms Dendri this is really your last chance. Let’s hope it works.”

Sentencing (02/11/18)
12-month community order to work with probation on her drug and alcohol issues; fined £50 and ordered to pay £250 costs.  Unlimited ban on keeping animals which lasts for at least two years, after which Dendri would need to apply to a court to  have the ban lifted. 

ChronicleLive

Stoke-on-Trent: Kayleigh Weston

#TheList junkie Kayleigh Weston, born 1987, of Lucerne Road, Biddulph, Stoke-on-Trent ST8 7FG – left family rabbit to starve to death in her hutch

Junkie Kayleigh Weston from Stoke-on-Trent left a little rabbit named Smudge to starve to death in her filthy hutch
Junkie Kayleigh Weston left a little rabbit named Smudge to starve to death in her filthy hutch

A police officer went to the defendant’s address and found the rabbit, named Smudge, dead in a hutch filled with droppings. He alerted the RSPCA and an examination found the animal was emaciated.

Roger Price, prosecuting for the RPSCA, told North Staffordshire Justice Centre a police officer visited the defendant’s home on April 14, 2018, and when there was no answer he went to the back of the house.

Mr Price said: “He was alerted to look into a rabbit’s hutch. There was an empty water bottle and an empty food bottle. There were a lot of droppings piled up. There was a lifeless black and white rabbit which was clearly dead.

“The RSPCA became involved and the rabbit was examined. A post mortem examination was carried out. The vet found there was no body fat at all on the animal and a very poor muscle mass. It was emaciated. All the skeletal bones could be seen. It had had diarrhoea and was probably dehydrated.

“The rabbit was significantly underweight. It was clearly ill and in need of veterinary attention.

“The rabbit was totally dependent on the owner to regularly inspect daily and to provide adequate food for the pet. It was estimated to have been dead for between two and four days.”

The defendant, who had owned the rabbit for six years, said she fed Smudge nuggets and carrots between 5pm and 6pm and cleaned the hutch once a week, but on occasions it was longer.

The court heard she last cleaned it out one or two weeks before the officer found the rabbit.

She added she did not think the rabbit was thin.

Weston pleaded guilty to causing unnecessary suffering to an animal by failing to explore and address the animal’s poor bodily condition between April 2 and 14, 2018.

The court heard the defendant descended into a chaotic lifestyle due to her drug use.

All her other pets have since been re-homed and she is, apparently, no longer using drugs.

James Hulse, mitigating, said the defendant’s care for the animal was ‘sporadic and incompetent’.

Mr Hulse said: “She threw food into the cage but did not look to see if the rabbit was eating the food properly.

“Had she been to the vet and said, ‘My animal is not eating’. It is that that has not occurred. There was care but it was incompetent.”

Speaking after the case, RSPCA inspector Charlotte Melvin said: “This hutch was at least a few inches deep with faeces. The dead rabbit was found in a second compartment in the hutch. There was no food or water and as the rabbit was so emaciated it became clear that she had starved to death. There wasn’t even any rabbit food in the house.

“This was confirmed by a post mortem, which also showed that Smudge had zero body fat. She said that because Smudge was outside, she forgot about her. It is so sad that it was a case of out of sight, out of mind.

“It is so important to look after pets which are kept outside just as well as you would with pets who live inside your house, particularly as it gets colder and people are going outside in their gardens less.

“On top of that, rabbits have sensitive stomachs and going without food for even just 12 hours can cause them to suffer. The fact that Smudge went without food for so long is unbearable.

“It’s unbelievably cruel to simply leave an animal to slowly die in a cage without the care they need and deserve to survive.”

Sentencing:
Fined £240 and ordered to pay costs and charges totalling £330. Disqualified from owning an animal for five years but can apply to have the disqualification terminated after three years.

Stoke Sentinel

Coleraine, Co Londonderry: Anthony O’Hara

#TheList Anthony O’Hara, aged 21, of Killowen Street, Coleraine BT51 – kicked and injured a pet dog in a cowardly attack

O’Hara, previously of Churchlands Road, Coleraine, has been put on probation for 18 months after admitting causing unnecessary suffering to the animal and possessing cannabis.

He must undertake 100 hours of community service “so that every time he picks up a piece of litter or paints a wall” he remembers his crime.

A prosecutor told Coleraine Magistrates Court yesterday that on July 20 2018 a heavily pregnant neighbour said O’Hara had been kicking a bin and then gave her the “middle finger” and swore at her.

The woman locked her door and put an ironing board across it in case O’Hara would try to get in.

The defendant was again verbally abusive to her and she feared that he was “going to stab” her.

A charge of common assault was withdrawn.

The woman then heard the defendant’s dog yelping for 10 to 15 minutes, and it stopped following “a very loud thud”.

Fearing for the safety of the animal, the woman called police, who found the dog bleeding from the nose.

There was also a strong smell of cannabis in O’Hara’s home and £20 of the drug was seized.

The prosecutor said the dog was taken to a vet and had trauma to an eye, a haemorrhage to its mouth, was withdrawn and nervous and was underweight for its age.

When interviewed by police, O’Hara said he had no recollection of the events with the neighbour.

He said the dog had a “bloodshot” eye as he was out jogging with this pet and a lead caught around a lamppost.

Regarding the other injury, he admitted to police he must have “clipped the dog too hard when he barked”.

He said he was feeding the dog but it was underweight because of “worms”.

Defence barrister Ben Thompson said the dog has now been rehomed to live with a friend of O’Hara’s.

The lawyer said there was “no one more upset or ashamed” of what he had done to the dog than the defendant.

His client, he said, had been living a chaotic lifestyle at the time and his behaviour was “extremely erratic” because of substance misuse which involved “risk taking” amid a relationship with alcohol.

The defendant, who had a record, works for a manufacturing company but Mr Thompson said the offences happened when he had been at his “absolute lowest ebb”.

He said a “thoroughly ashamed” O’Hara had not breached any bail conditions, which had involved an alcohol condition.

Mr Thompson added that “he knows how this case will change the public perception of him” and that there would be “consequences”.

District Judge Liam McNally said the defendant had committed a “cowardly act of kicking a dog” and causing injury, and said it was well-known courts treated that type of offence seriously.

In passing down the probation sentence and the community service, the judge also banned O’Hara from having the pet, or any dog, for the next 10 years.

He warned the defendant if there were any slip-ups he would be re-sentenced to four months in jail.

Sentence:
Community service; 18-month probation; 10-year ban on keeping dogs

Belfast Telegraph

Carlisle, Cumbria: Kaine Moon Hardie

#TheList Kaine Moon Hardie, aged 24, of Forest Hill, Carlisle CA1 3HF – repeatedly kicked and punched a greyhound rescue dog

Carlisle dog abuser Kaine Moon Hardie and his victim - a rescue greyhound

Hardie admitted causing the dog  (pictured) unnecessary suffering.

The cruelty came to light thanks to off-duty police officer Christoper Brennand.

He had been driving past when he saw the defendant viciously attacking the dog on London Road, Carlisle, on September 30, 2018.

First, the officer saw Hardie kicking the dog in his legs forcefully.

Then Hardie delivered a second kick to the dog’s ribs, causing her to yelp out in pain.

Another witness, a woman pedestrian, intervened after seeing Hardie punching and kicking the dog, and dragging her along the pavement.

When police interviewed Hardie, he blamed his actions on drinking too much.

He told police he had been drinking vodka.

Dog abuser Kaine Moon Hardie from Carlisle

 

John Cooper, for Hardie, said the defendant had owned the dog for two-and-a-half years.

“His mother works for a rescue shelter and that is how he got hold of the dog,” said the lawyer.

“In those two and a half years, that dog has become his closest friend. He is adamant that he has never done anything like this before.”

Mr Cooper said the dog was regularly given veterinary treatment, and taken out on to the fells by Hardie.

He said that the dog went everywhere with the defendant, who could not recall mistreating the animal.

Dog abuser Kaine Moon Hardie from Carlisle
The dog abused by her drunken owner Kaine Hardie

The lawyer pleaded with District Judge Gerald Chalk to let Hardie keep the dog. But Judge Chalk refused, telling Hardie: “This seems to have been gratuitous violence, committed in drink.”

Sentencing: 12-month community order, with 150 hours of unpaid work, £85 costs, and an £85 victim surcharge. Banned from keeping any animal for five years.

News and Star