Tag Archives: 2016 cases

Little Hulton, Manchester: Nick Wilburn

#TheList Nicholas John Wilburn (aka Nick Maddock), born 19/10/1990, of 8 Bank Lane, Little Hulton, Manchester M38 9UF – carried out DIY medical treatment on a wounded cat; set up a rescue for reptiles while still being subject of a three-year banning order

Convicted animal abuser Nick Wilburn from Little Hulton, Manchester
Serial animal abuser Nick John Wilburn from Little Hulton, Manchester, is also known as Nick Maddock

Serial animal abuser Nicholas Wilburn was banned from keeping animals for three years in November 2016 for cruelty offences involving a wounded cat named Jasper.

Wilburn self-diagnosed and self-treated Jasper using a substance made of alcohol which he applied to an open wound.

Wilburn self-diagnosed and self-treated Jasper’s condition and left the moggy in agony

He later advised another person to use the same treatment when he passed over care of the cat.

But RSPCA officers say the treatment administered by Wilburn would actually have caused Jasper additional pain and suffering.

At the time Wilburn was involved with Bolton-based exotic pet rescue MagnaRep, later renamed Nick’s Ark – which was shut down in April 2017 following an RSPCA raid.

Convicted animal abuser Nick Wilburn from Little Hulton, Manchester

A trial followed during which five people, including Wilburn’s mother, Sue Maddock, were cleared.

Nicholas and Ryan Wilburn, who have since separated, have now been convicted.

Wilburn was found guilty of breaching his disqualification from owning animals; and for owning a bush viper without a licence.

Convicted animal abusers Ryan and Nick Wilburn pictured outside court where they faced cruelty charges
Convicted animal abusers Ryan and Nick Wilburn pictured outside court where they faced cruelty charges

Nick Wilburn’s ex-husband Ryan Anthony Wilburn, born 29/07/1991, of Epping Drive, Sale, Trafford M33 5LN was found guilty of aiding and abetting the breach of a disqualification; and for owning a bush viper without a licence.

Anna McDonald, prosecuting on behalf of the RSPCA, said charity workers are still looking after 70 seized animals. Some died following the raid.

Convicted animal abuser Nick Wilburn from Little Hulton, Manchester

Sara-Lise Howe, defence lawyer for Nicholas Wilburn, pushed for a lenient sentence for her client, highlighting that he is a carer for his mother and another disabled woman.

“He has anxiety and depression,” she added.

“It was his involvement with animals which made him not have to take medication. His own health is affected by a continued disqualification.”

The judge banned Nicholas from owning animals for a further five years.

Judge John Temperley told him: “I am concerned that you do post a risk in relation to animals.

“I find you made a serious and persistent breach which took place over a matter of months. You showed an almost complete disregard [for the order] the court made.

“There was a risk of suffering or harm to a large number of animals kept at Nick’s Ark.”

Ryan Wilburn was said by the judge to have had a ‘misguided sense of loyalty’ to his husband when he got involved.

Defence lawyer, Sheila Whitehead, said: “[Ryan] is not a danger to any animal.

“His part in the charity was only to clean and feed the animals and follow the instructions of Nick.”

Judge Temperley said: “Nick was the more dominant one in the relationship.

“I accept that Nick was the driving force and that yours was a smaller role.”

Ryan escaped a disqualification order.

Sentencing:
Nick Wilburn – 12-week suspended prison sentence; 200 hours of unpaid work; £500 costs. Banned from keeping animals for a further five years.
Ryan Wilburn – 200 hours of unpaid work; £500 costs; no ban.

Manchester Evening News

Stonehouse, South Lanarkshire: Morag Jackson

#TheList licensed commercial dog breeder and seller Morag Jackson, born c. 1962, of Mid Lanrigg, Stonehouse, Larkhall ML9 3PD –  convicted of keeping dozens of terrier dogs in cramped pens and failing to properly feed or clean them

Licensed breeder Morag Jackson was banned from keeping dogs for 15 years after feeding pups mouldy food and keeping them in the dark
Licensed breeder Morag Jackson was banned from keeping dogs for 15 years after feeding pups mouldy food and keeping them in the dark

Jackson, who is originally from Turriff, Aberdeenshire and has a past conviction for running an ILLEGAL dog breeding operation, was found guilty of four offences under the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 between July and September 2015.

Morag Jackson was banned from keeping dogs for 15 years after 'gross' neglect
Morag Jackson was banned from keeping dogs for 15 years after ‘gross’ neglect

Following a call from a concerned member of the public about the conditions of the puppies being kept at Jackson’s premises at West Town Farm, Stonehouse, inspectors from the Scottish SPCA attended and found a number of dogs housed in pens between two wooden sheds and a garage. The conditions were cramped, dirty and unhygienic. There was little bedding and a a lack of food and water. Water that was present appeared discoloured and littered with debris.

Morag Jackson failed to provide the necessary veterinary treatment or adequate nutrition for the 36 breeding dogs and puppies in her care
Jackson failed to provide the necessary veterinary treatment or adequate nutrition for the 36 breeding dogs and puppies in her care

The only food which the Scottish SPCA saw during their search was a mouldy tub of food teeming with maggots which had been left out for a Yorkshire Terrier and her newborn pups.

Breeder Morag Jackson failed to provide the necessary veterinary treatment or adequate nutrition for the 36 breeding dogs and puppies in her care

During a search of the garage area, a West Highland Terrier type bitch named Abbey was found in a small pink carrier on a shelf.

The carrier was covered with cloth, the carrier had no bedding, food or water and was too small for the dog to even turn around. There was very little light entering the box due to the cloth and rubbish surrounding it. Abbey was underweight with a severe skin disease and almost total hair loss.

Morag Jackson failed to provide the necessary veterinary treatment or adequate nutrition for the 36 breeding dogs and puppies in her care

A total of 36 dogs were removed from the premises and taken into the care of Scottish SPCA centres across the country.

Most made a full recovery but some required ongoing treatment.

Gary Aitken, Procurator Fiscal, Wildlife and Environment described the case as “one of the worst cases of gross, widespread and indiscriminate neglect which the Crown has dealt with in recent times”.

Mr Aitken added: “These dogs were caused terrible and unnecessary suffering and Jackson failed to provide them with a suitable environment.

“We expect the highest standards of commercial dog breeders and are committed to working with the Scottish SPCA and the police to ensure that those who do not meet these standards are held to account.”

Sentencing:
200 hours of unpaid work, banned from keeping dogs for 15 years; forfeiture of the dogs in her care (expires August 2041).

Evening Times
Daily Record

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In January 2017 police and Scottish SPCA went to Jackson’s home to investigate reports that she was breaching her ban on keeping animals. Although Jackson attempted to obstruct their search and even kicked a police officer in the chest, four dogs were recovered and taken into the care of the SSPCA.

For this latest offence she was  sentenced to 200 hours of unpaid work.

GlasgowLive

Poole, Dorset: Samantha Jade Miller

#TheList Samantha Jade Miller, born 1978, of Victoria Rd, Poole BH12 – left dogs Charlie and Tia to suffer without food and failed to treat painful skin conditions while she enjoyed holidays in CyprusConvicted animal abuser Samantha Jade Miller from Poole

Single mother-of-six Miller told RSPCA officers she could not afford veterinary care for the emaciated animals.

But when an RSPCA inspector visited Miller’s home in Victoria Road, Poole, he was told by one of her daughters that she was in Cyprus for the third time in a year.

Miller pleaded guilty to causing unnecessary suffering to protected animals between November 15 2015 and January 5 2016. She also admitted failing to protect animals from pain and suffering, injury and disease.

Miller was visited four times by an RSPCA inspector who gave her advice and told her to feed the animals and take them to the vet.

But she failed to heed the advice and, when the condition of the dogs deteriorated, they were taken away from her.

Magistrates heard the RSPCA inspector had given Miller food for the dogs, but she criticised it.

The animals had painful skin conditions because they were “riddled” with fleas, open wounds, sores and conjunctivitis and were clearly incredibly uncomfortable and suffering, the court heard.

Miller told the court she was in debt and could not afford the vet. She said she was ashamed and did not realise the seriousness of their condition.

After the hearing, RSPCA inspector Jo Story told the Daily Echo: “I think it is an appropriate sentence. If she didn’t understand it was serious, she wouldn’t understand how to look after other animals.

“We really try to provide help and guidance and my colleague could not have done any more. She ignored the advice continually.”

Charlie and Tia recovered and were rehomed by the RSPCA.

Sentence: 240 hours of unpaid work; victim surcharge of £60; banned from keeping animals for 10 years (expires December 2026)

Dorset Echo

Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire: Elizabeth Richmond-Watson

#TheList Elizabeth Richmond-Watson, born 02/06/1960, owner of Owlsdene Bengals, of Halfacre, Henley-on-Thames RG9 6DB – neglected 64 Bengal cats

Cat breeder Elizabeth Richmond-Watson from Henley on Thames was banned from keeping animals after ‘extreme neglect’
Cat breeder Elizabeth Richmond-Watson from Henley on Thames was banned from keeping animals after ‘extreme neglect’

Richmond-Watson was found guilty of offences under the Animal Welfare Act of failing to protect 64 Bengal cats in her care because of a lack of disease control programme and appropriate hygiene provisions to prevent the spread of disease.

Cruel cat breeder Elizabeth Richmond-Watson

The RSPCA visited Richmond-Watson’s address in February 2016 after concerns were raised about the welfare of a number of cats bred to sell.

Inspectors found the property in a sordid state with cats roaming the “unhygienic” house and outbuildings.

Food had been left lying around and many of the animals were suffering from illnesses including cat flu and eye infections.

Three animals had to be put down at the scene and another four in the days afterwards due to health and behavioural issues.

RSPCA inspector Rachel Smith said: “When we arrived there were lots and lots of cats just roaming the house and the outbuildings, which had been built for breeding in completely unhygienic conditions.

“It was chaotic with clutter and rubbish and there was food lying around — a totally unsuitable environment for these cats to be living in.

“Sadly, the owner was just not providing proper care for these cats, leading to some extreme neglect.

“She may have had the best of intentions but the reality was the animals were suffering and we had to act to ensure there was no further suffering.”

Richmond-Watson will be able to appeal for her ban to be lifted after one year.

Sentence: 12-week prison sentence, suspended for 12 months; 60 hours’ unpaid work; ordered to pay £10,000 costs plus victim surcharge; disqualified from keeping animals for three years (expires December 2019 but she could appeal in December 2017).

Metro

Grays, Thurrock, Essex: Dean Popham

#TheList Dean Popham, born 31/08/1986, of 99 Wallace Road, Grays RM17 5BB – slit puppy Edley’s throat in the street after swinging him around by his neck

Twisted puppy killer and woman beater Dean Popham of Wallace Rd, Grays, Esses

Popham killed Edley using a kitchen knife taken from a woman’s  flat after leaving her with a cut lip.

The unemployed yob then fought with police officers and bit one on the thumb before they dragged him to the ground.

Loreen Hussain, prosecuting, said the horrific incident in Thames Road, Grays, in September 2016, was preceded by vile sexual threats Popham made over text message and Facebook.

He then stormed round to his victim’s flat in a rage, forced his way in and began kicking Edley.

She said: “The puppy, not knowing any better, was happy to see the defendant.

“He ran towards him but the defendant started kicking him, so much so that he lost one of his shoes.

“It was so bad that Edley lost control of his bowels. The young woman was screaming and told Popham to stop.

“He said; ‘I don’t care, he’s lucky I don’t throw him out the window.’”

Popham then picked Edley up by the ears and swung him around by his neck. “You can imagine the pain that he must have felt,” Miss Hussain said.

Popham headbutted his girlfriend before marching out of the flat clutching Edley and a knife.

The police officers who later found Popham covered in blood said he told them “meeting me is the worst mistake” before biting one of them.

Edley’s body was found nearby. A vet told police the wound would have caused Edley “pain, unnecessary suffering and distress”.

Miss Hussein said: “Not only did the victim have to deal with her own injuries and her upset children, but she had to deal with the death of a much-loved family pet.”

Popham, who has previous convictions for violence and cultivating cannabis, suffers from emotionally unstable personality disorder.

Popham was jailed for 12 months for causing actual bodily harm to his partner, six months for actual bodily harm to the police officer and two months for criminal damage to the dog, all to run consecutively.

He was handed one month each for causing unnecessary suffering to an animal and assaulting a police officer, to run concurrently to each other and the other sentences.

Sentence for animal cruelty and assault: 20 months in prison (includes total of just 3 months for killing Edley)

Thurrock Gazette

Chesterfield: Ricky Lee Tomlinson

#TheList Ricky Lee Tomlinson of Cauldon Drive, Holme Hall, Chesterfield – spray-painted horse’s face during vandalism spree

Trio of photos of Ricky Lee Tomlinson, horse abuser from Chesterfield, Derbyshire
Ricky Lee Tomlinson, horse abuser from Chesterfield, Derbyshire

In October 2014 Tomlinson sprayed paint on the  face of a horse, the  blanket of another horse,  and on signs, doors, walls  and a bin in the Unstone  and Dronfield areas of Derbyshire.

His not guilty plea was not accepted by magistrates, who convicted him on all charges.

Sentence: 3 months in jail suspended for 12 months, 8-week curfew. Ordered to pay £1,085 in compensation, £310 in costs and £115 victim surcharge.

Original media: Derbyshire Times, 21/12/2016

Alfreton, Derbyshire: Keane Mitchell Thorpe, Ethan Lewis, Mitch Smith and Seif Naili

#TheList Keane Mitchell Thorpe, Ethan Lewis, Mitch Smith and Seif Naili all of Riddings, nr Alfreton, Derbyshire – mutilated the body of a pet cat named Leo after he had been killed by a dog

Twisted youths from Riddings near Alfreton filmed themselves mutilating the body of much loved family cat Leo
Twisted youths from Riddings near Alfreton filmed themselves mutilating the body of much loved family cat Leo

The four cowardly teenagers named above carried out and filmed a disgusting attack on the body of a much-loved family cat in Riddings Park. The boys, who at the time were aged 15, 15, 16 and 17,  ‘egged’ each other on as they smashed a rock on the head of the three-year-old cat, hit him with a stick, tied him up with rope before filming and boasting about it on Snapchat.

Leo’s badly mutilated body was found on a path by a dog walker at about 2.30pm on August 11, 2016, in the park with multiple injuries and rope tied around its waist.

A post-mortem examination concluded that Leo was already dead before the attack after bite wounds believed to have been inflicted by a ‘large breed dog’ were found. He had suffered horrific injuries to his abdomen, back, head and chest.

The youths all pleaded guilty to carrying out an act of outraging public decency by behaving in an indecent manner, namely beating a cat. They all appeared in court together with their parents.

The court heard the youths and their families had been subjected to threats after the sickening attack. Windows of their homes had been smashed and they’d been forced to fit panic alarms and live in hotels [gutted for them].

Sentence: 
The teens each received a 12-month youth referral order and were ordered to  pay costs and compensation to the cat’s owner 

The Sun
Derbyshire Times

Middlesbrough: John Jason McLellan

#TheList John Jason McLellan, born c. 1979, of Delarden Road, Pallister Park, Middlesbrough – subjected a helpless dog to a  30-minute beating

John Jason McLellan beat Staffy Bam so badly he suffered injuries similar to a road accident
John Jason McLellan beat Staffy Bam so badly he suffered injuries similar to a road accident

Career criminal McLellan, who has previous convictions for heroin dealing, assault and theft, subjected a dog named Bam to such a violent beating that he urinated blood.

14st brute McLellan stuck the boot into Bam after claiming the dog bit his nose. The beating apparently lasted for 30 minutes and was so vicious, a neighbour could hear sickening “continuous thuds and yelping” through the wall.

“This is not an impulsive one-off attack,” claimed the RSPCA, which brought the prosecution. “It was a prolonged attack.

“(Bam) couldn’t sit down and he was very sore.”

A vet claimed the dog’s injuries were consistent with “blunt trauma”, such as a kicking.

The pet dog’s testicles and abdomen were injured in the attack, while bubbles of air could be felt during the check-up.

The attack happened in June 2016 but, four months later, the animal was still receiving veterinary treatment.

McLellan pleaded guilty on Friday 14/10/16 to causing unnecessary suffering to an animal.

John Jason McLellan beat Staffy Bam so badly he suffered injuries similar to a road accident

Another dog belonging to Bam’s owner, Denise Jaffray, went missing earlier in 2016 and has never been found.

Sentence: 12 weeks’ custody, suspended for 18-months; 30-day rehabilitation order, £500 costs; banned from keeping animals for 10 years (expires December 2026)

Northern Echo

 

wildlife crime ring from Devon, Dorset, Somerset and South Wales

#TheList for the persecution of wildlife including badgers and deer plus dog cruelty: Graham Coombes, Oliver Blatch, Kenneth Danes, Gethyn Durham, Dean McGrath, Pheon Radford, Ryan Robinson, Joseph O’Connor, Brian Forrest, Philip Cross and Daniel Ravenscroft

A blood-thirsty gang from Devon, Dorset, Somerset and South Wales who set savage dogs on foxes, deer, rabbits, badgers - and even a llama - in bid to 'kill as much wildlife as possible'
 Graham Coombes was the ringleader of a blood-thirsty gang who set savage dogs on foxes, deer, rabbits, badgers – and even a llama – in bid to ‘kill as much wildlife as possible’

Eleven men were sentenced – three receiving jail terms – for their part in a series of “abhorrent” attacks by dogs on deer, badgers and foxes. Graphic and distressing video footage found on the mobile phone of the ringleader Graham Coombes was shown in court, showing dogs savaging badgers and deer as the accused looked on and gave encouragement.

Analysis of one of the men’s phones revealed thousands of text messages, including one in which he claimed to have used his dogs to kill 178 deer, 894 rabbits, 28 foxes and 22 hares in just six months.

Jeremy Cave, prosecuting for the RSPCA, said the ‘primary motivation seems to be gratuitous pleasure’.

Mr Cave said the group would go out ‘lamping’ – using powerful lamps at night to startle and stun deer before setting dogs, usually lurchers, on them.

He said their aim was ‘to kill as much wildlife as possible’.

Mr Cave said Coombes was at the ‘centre of the operation, organising nights out, posting trophy pictures on social media’.

The other men involved were Oliver Blatch, Kenneth Danes, Gethyn Durham, Brian Forrest, Dean McGrath, Joseph O’Connor, Pheon Radford, Ryan Robinson, Philip Cross and Daniel Ravenscroft.

Mr Cave said that of the 27 offences, 22 were related to killing or attacking deer with dogs, four matters were of animal welfare issues relating to the dogs – including neglect – and another was the possession of a dangerous dog.

A blood-thirsty gang from Devon, Dorset, Somerset and South Wales who set savage dogs on foxes, deer, rabbits, badgers - and even a llama - in bid to 'kill as much wildlife as possible'
Graham Coombes organised animal hunting that involved the training of dogs who were ‘[his] tools; tools to hunt and kill’.

The court heard how a search of Coombes’ land by Trading Standards found a pile of animal carcasses with at least 20 separate skulls at the top of the heap.

The incinerator operator informed RSPCA investigators they disposed of 604 kilos of animal products, all believed to be from hunts.

Coombes also got another person to shoot his severely injured dog after it had been fighting a badger ‘for four hours’.

Details of offences and sentencing:

Graham Coombes, born c. 1975, a groundworker of 2 Abbey Road, Bovey Tracey, Devon TQ13 9HZ pleaded guilty to three counts of intentionally killing deer at night on different dates in 2014. He pleaded guilty to two counts of willfully killing a badger and one of willfully injuring a badger. He pleaded guilty to causing unnecessary suffering to a terrier called Marley by failing to treat its injuries. Coombes was sentenced to a total of 20 weeks in prison. He was ordered to pay £3,000 court costs and £60 victim surcharge. He was disqualified for keeping dogs for life.

Oliver Blatch, born c. 1989, Little Acre, Back Lane, Sherborne, Dorset DT9 6SQ  pleaded guilty to two counts of killing deer at night. District Judge Baker noted Blatch was of previous good character before sentencing him to a total of eight weeks, suspended for one year, to complete 180 hours’ unpaid leave, pay £800 court costs and £60 victim surcharge.

Kenneth Danes, born c. 1987, of 11 Otterford Gypsy Park, Culmhead near Taunton TA3 7DX pleaded guilty to two counts of killing deer at night. District Judge Baker noted he was a hardworking man of good character and his early guilty plea. She sentenced him to a total of eight weeks suspended for 12 months and ordered him to pay £800 court costs, £60 victim surcharge and to forfeit his dog Cruz.

Joseph O’Connor, born c. 1993, a farmhand of Pontardawe near Swansea, admitted three charges of killing deer in 2014. District Judge Baker told O’Connor the killing of deer was “absolutely abhorrent, it’s barbaric”. However, she recognised his probation report showed genuine remorse and he was of previous good character. She also recognised his advocate’s observation that he was of “limited ability” and his “sense of shame”. She told him he had worked in agriculture his whole life yet despite that he involved himself in the killing of deer. He handed him a nine-week jail sentence, suspended for 12 months. He also had to complete 200 hours’ unpaid work, pay £800 court costs and £80 victim surcharge.

Gethyn Durham, born c. 1989, a landscape gardener of 36 Marl Court, Cwmbran, Gwent, admitted one count of killing a deer. He also pleaded guilty to possession of a pitbull-type dangerous dog and five charges of keeping other dogs in an unsuitable environment. District Judge Baker said she accepted his dog Bonnie was a “beloved family pet” but his probation report “shows [Durham] shows little remorse and has antipathy for the RSPCA and their work”.

Durham was jailed for six weeks followed by 12 months’ supervision. He was ordered to pay £800 court costs and £115 victim surcharge. As his partner broke down in the public gallery, District Judge Baker told Durham the legislation regarding dangerous dogs “ties my hands” and she ordered the dog be destroyed. Durham was also told he was disqualified from owning dogs for five years.

A blood-thirsty gang from Devon, Dorset, Somerset and South Wales who set savage dogs on foxes, deer, rabbits, badgers - and even a llama - in bid to 'kill as much wildlife as possible'
Gethyn Durham

Brian Forrest, born c. 1976, Upper Lodge, Tetton Estate, Kingston St Mary, near Taunton, owner of Brian Forrest Electrical, Taunton, pleaded guilty to a single count of killing deer. District Judge Baker also noted how he was of previous good character and he had shown genuine remorse. She sentenced him to six weeks jail, suspended for a year, to complete 140 hours unpaid work, pay £800 court costs and £60 victim surcharge. She also ordered him to forfeit his dog Eve.

Dean McGrath, born c. 1987, of Cwmbran, pleaded guilty to a single count of killing deer. McGrath was handed a six week prison sentence, suspended for 12 months. District Judge Baker ordered him to complete 160 hours’ unpaid work, pay £800 court costs and £60 victim surcharge. He was also ordered to forfeit his dog Blue.

Pheon Radford, born c. 1994, of 19 Cross Street, Pentre, Ystrad in the Rhondda Valley, pleaded guilty to killing a deer and causing unnecessary suffering to a dog. District Judge Baker said Radford left his dog Scar to suffer from an “unpleasant” injury and listed previous scars on its body. She said he had deliberately travelled from Wales to take part in the deer hunts with Cross. She sentenced him to a total of 10 weeks, suspended for 12 months; to complete 150 hours’ unpaid work, pay £800 court costs and £60 victim surcharge. He was also disqualified from keeping dogs for three years and to forfeit his dog Scar.

Ryan Robinson, born c. 1996, of 1 Foundry Court in Chudleigh, admitted taking a deer without the consent of the owner. He was handed a 12 month community order, must take part in a 10 day rehabilitation requirement, complete 200 hours’ unpaid work and pay £800 court costs and a victim surcharge of £85.

Philip Cross, born c. 1980, of 20 Bryn Ivor St,Tonypandy in the Rhondda was found guilty after trial of killing deer at night. He was jailed for eight weeks and disqualified for keeping dogs for five years. He was ordered to pay £4,000 court costs and £80 victim surcharge.

Philip Cross at the appeal hearing
Philip Cross

Daniel Ravenscroft, born c. 1979, of Pearroc Vean, Grange Rd, Buckfastleigh TQ11 was found guilty after trial of killing deer at night. District Judge Baker said she took into account his early guilty plea and his 10 years’ service in the British Army. She noted he had given up his dog voluntarily and his probation report spoke of how he recognised how low he had fallen and the devastation it had caused him, leaving him “so embarrassed, so remorseful and so ashamed”.

 Daniel Ravenscroft

Ravenscroft was sentenced to six weeks’ custody, suspended for 12 months, to complete 200 hours’ unpaid work, forfeit his dog and pay £4,000 court costs and £60 victim surcharge.

Speaking outside of court, RSPCA Chief Inspector Will Mitchell said Coombes’ phone contained around 30,000 images ‘mostly depicting wildlife crime and the use of dogs to kill wildlife, around 11,000 text messages, and videos’.

The texts contained a series of ‘colloquial descriptions of animals, so for badgers they were described as ‘pigs, ‘black and whites’, ‘humbugs’ and ‘smellies’.

He said: ‘There would be the bravado in terms of the type of dogs used and the successes of the dogs. They wanted them for the fight, for destruction.

‘They might say this was sport or pest control – but it’s blood lust.’

Daily Mail

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In January 2018 it was reported that Daniel Ravenscroft and Philip Cross had appealed their convictions but the outcome of their appeals isn’t known.